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Much of the Gower Peninsula is made from limestone rock. In the 18th and 19th centuries, limestone quarrying was an important industry in the south of the Gower, particularly around Port Eynon, from where it was exported to Devon and Cornwall. Limestone was also used locally as a building material and burnt in lime kilns to produce ‘quicklime’, which had a number of uses: it was spread on fields (to help reduce the acidity of the soil); it was used to whitewash cottages and protect them from bad weather; it was also used in the disposal of dead bodies!

Lime kilns became a feature of the South Gower landscape and many can still be seen today around Port Eynon.